The following are some of my peer-reviewed publications. For proper citations (and complete list) of my publications, please refer to Google Scholar.
iOS, Your OS, Everybody’s OS: Vetting and Analyzing Network Services of iOS Apps
Zhushou Tang, Ke Tang, Minhui Xue, Yuan Tian, Sen Chen, Muhammad Ikram, Tielei Wang, Haojin Zhu
To appear in the 29th Usenix Security Symposium (Usenix Security), 2020.
Measuring and Analysing the Chain of Implicit Trust: A Study of Third-party Resources Loading
Muhammad Ikram, Rahat Masood, Gareth Tyson, Mohamed Ali Kaafar, Roya Ensafi
In ACM Transaction on Privacy and Security (TOPS), 2020.
Decentralized Control: A Case Study of Russia
Reethika Ramesh, Ram Sundara Raman, Matthew Bernhard, Victor Ongkowijaya, Leonid Evdokimov, Anne Edmundson, Steven Sprecher, Muhammad Ikram, and Roya Ensafi
In NDSS, 2020.
A Decade of Mal-Activity Reporting: A Retrospective Analysis of Internet Malicious Activity Blacklists
Benjamin Zi Hao Zhao, Muhammad Ikram, Hassan Asghar, Mohamed Ali Kaafar, Abdelberi Chaabane, and Kanchana Thilakarathna
In AsiaCCS, 2019. [Best Paper Award]
The Chain of Implicit Trust: An Analysis of the Web Third-party Resources Loading
Muhammad Ikram, Rahat Masood, Gareth Tyson, Mohamed Ali Kaafar, Noha Loizon, and Roya Ensafi
In WWW, 2019.
Incognito: A Method for Obfuscating Web Data
Rahat Masood, Dinusha Vatsalan, Muhammad Ikram and Mohamed Ali Kaafar
In WWW, 2018.
Measuring, Characterizing, Detecting Facebook Like Farms
Muhammad Ikram, Lucky Onwuzurike, Shehroze Farooqi, Emiliano De Cristofaro, Arik Friedman, Guillaume Jourjon, Mohamed Ali Kaafar and Zubair Shafiq
In ACM Transaction on Privacy and Security (TOPS), 2017.
A First Look at Ad Blocking Apps
Muhammad Ikram and Mohamed Ali Kaafar
In NCA, 2017.
Towards Seamless Tracking-Free Web: Improved Detection of Trackers via One-class Learning
Muhammad Ikram, Hassan Jameel Asghar, Mohamed Ali Kaafar, Balachander Krishnamurthy, and Anirban Mahanti
In PETS, 2017.
An analysis of the Privacy and Security Risks of Android VPN Permission-enabled Apps
Muhammad Ikram, Narseo Vallina-Rodriguez, Suranga Seneviratne, Mohamed Ali Kaafar, and Vern Paxson
In IMC, 2016.